The Indian aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya (formerly Admiral Goshkov ) set sail this morning on the White Sea, sea trials for 120 days. The ship was retired in the Sevmash shipyard in northern Russia.
Aboard the ship, a joint Russian-Indian crew was formed to pass the knowledge of operation of the ship the sailors Indians. After initial sea trials in the White Sea, the ship will sail in the Barents Sea for exercises with military aircraft.
India and Russia signed a 947 million U.S. dollars in 2005 to purchase the ship, but delivery has been postponed twice, raising the cost of renovation to $ 2.3 billion. The director of the Sevmash shipyard, Vladimir Pastukhov, was fired in 2007 for his mismanagement of the project.
The Vikramaditya was originally built as the Soviet Project 1143.4 class "Admiral Gorshkov". The ship had hit the keel in 1978 the Nikolayev South shipyard in Ukraine was launched in 1982 and commissioned in the Soviet Navy in 1987.
It was renamed after the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991. In 1994, the Admiral Gorshkov repairs remained for a year for repairs after a boiler explosion. In 1995, he returned briefly to the service, but was finally removed and put on sale in 1996.
The ship has a displacement of 45,000 tons, a maximum speed of 32 knots and range of 13,500 nautical miles (25,000 km) at a cruising speed of 18 knots.
India has already started to receive the MiG-29K naval jets for the Vikramaditya , who will operate the system STOBAR (short take-off but assisted recovery), which consists of short takeoff ramp with the aid of "ski-jump" with cables and landing retention.